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Wood polishes are products that provides
protection and enhance the natural beauty of wood. Small production of wood
polishes are possible at home or in a small workshop using the tools and
appliances found in most homes. Materials used in making wood polish
formulations include a carrier liquid (such as mineral oil, tung oil, citrus
thinner, turpentine, ethanol or a combination of them) and a waxy resin (such as
Carnauba Wax, Damar Varnish, bees wax or a combination of them). It is important
to know and understand how each of these substances affect the final properties
of your wood polish so that you can fine tune the properties of your product as
needed. You can adjust the drying speed, hardness, gloss, plasticity and many
other factors in order to make the best wood polish for every application.
How to Make Wood polish?
I will start with a simple formula for a
general purpose wood polish and then show you how you can modify it to make your
own special wood polish. This wood polish may be used for wood articles such as
furniture, wood floor, wood railings, and wood trims - moldings and other
decorative or structural wood.
Materials need are:
2. Carnauba Wax
Equipment you need are:
You need a temperature controlled wax melter
and a well ventilated place or hood.
Using flame is very dangerous when you are
dealing with waxes, oils and solvents. They are all flammable and catch fire at
If you don't have a wax melter, buy a hot plate
and couple of steel pans to make a double boiler. Add a small amount of water to
the larger pot and place it over the hot plate. Add your materials to the
smaller pot (melting pot) and place it inside the larger pot. The double boiler
limits the amount of heat getting to your melting pot.
As a safety precaution wear gloves and goggles
and have a fire extinguisher nearby. Also be very careful to avoid spilling the
mixture on hotplate. Spill on hotplate will cause fire that can easily expand to
the melting pot.
Production process/ Cooking the wood polish:
Measure all the ingredients by weight and add
them to the melting pot.
Start the heat and bring water to a low boil.
If you are using a wax melter, set the temperature to 85 to 90 degrees Celsius
or about 190 degrees Fahrenheit.
Stir ingredients frequently until all
ingredients are dissolved and formed a uniform solution.
Whole thing will dissolve in about 30 minutes.
Let the mixture cool down a little and pour it
in glass or metal containers for storage.
Food Grade Wood polish
Although turpentine is a carrier solvent that
will eventually evaporate, it cannot be used for making wood polishes for food
contact applications (such as wooden spoon and cutting board). There are no food
grade turpentine. For such applications you may substitute turpentine with
citrus thinner or orange solvent or ethyl alcohol (also known as ethanol).
The amount of solvent/ carrier vary depending
on the type of solvent you use and the viscosity of the product you intend to
make. Less solvent will make a viscous or paste polish while more solvent
creates a liquid varnish.
How to apply the wood polish?
Application of the wood polish depends on the
size, location, orientation and the shape of the wood article. The polish must
be applied deeply and evenly. For some articles you may prefer a pasty wood
polish while a liquid polish may be the best choice for another.
Application of pasty wood polish require some
pressure. You will need to rub the waxy polish to the wood surface using a rag
and you will need to go over the same area multiple times in different
directions or with a circular motion. It is not easy to apply pasty polish in
Liquid wood polish however can be applied using
a brush (to start and cover the tight spaces) and a rag (to evenly distribute
For products of wood turning a liquid polished
may be applied while the piece is still on the machine.
What is the cost of making wood polish?
Where to buy the materials for wood polish?
Ingredients of wood polish
Knowing the properties and the role or effect
of each ingredient is by far the most important part of the wood polish science.
When you know what each ingredient does in your product, you can use this
knowledge to modify and fine tune the properties of the wood polish you make by
simply modifying the quantities of your ingredients.
Here is a list of the ingredients and their
||luster, shine, impermeability and hardness
||shine, adherence, water resistance,
||Flexibility, protection, softness
|Linseed Oil, Boiled
||Resin, carrier, drying oil
* Is liquid at room temperature.
Wood Finish Recipes
Here are some of the recipes you can try in
making wood finishes. All measurement are in grams for small quantity production
|Soft Gel, Matte
|Soft Gel, Glossy
|Paste, Hard finish
|Gel Resin, Hard finish after drying
All about the wood finish/ wood wax materials
By now you are familiar with the materials and the process of making wood
finishes and wood waxes and you have most likely tried and made a few samples.
You are now ready to learn more details about each of the materials and what
they do to your wood finish.
|Carnauba wax is the main ingredient
that provides surface hardness, water repellence and shine to wood
Carnauba wax comes in the form of hard
flakes and it is available in three different colors.
Many high quality wood polishes (and other
waxes for automobiles and leather) contain about 5% up to 15% carnauba wax.
Brown carnauba wax is often used for wood
finishes while the white and yellow carnauba waxes are mainly used for food
A simple wood finish recipe with carnauba wax
may include 10% carnauba wax and 90% turpentine (or any other solvent such as
ethanol or citrus thinner). This finish can be applied multiple times and can be
buffed upon drying to create a high gloss surface.
Distributors of scientific and educational products
Where to buy?
Most pictures are linked to
the pricing and online store for fast and convenient ordering
Our products are available at the following
online stores. For large orders please call in advance and verify the
availability, wholesale discounts and shipping options. If you cannot find any
product in the online store of your choice, please use the search option of the
store or call (973)777-3113 for further assistance.
All orders will be shipped from our
warehouses in United States (USA), Canada or United Kingdom. We ship worldwide
to most countries including U.S., Canada, Australia, United Kingdom, New
Zealand, Germany, France, Netherlands, and many other countries.